Small Leaved Lime Tilia cordata

Description & features

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Select plant type

Size and quantity

Photo
Size / Height
Price
Quantity
 
30L pot size / 2.4-3.5m
£132.00
70L pot size / 3.0-4.5m
£252.00

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

This product will also be available from November to March as a bare-root plant.

Sizes and prices will appear on the website later in the year. What does bare-root mean?

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product description

TILIA CORDATA – Small leaved Lime


Characteristics


Small leaved Lime is a large native tree which is distinguished by the distinctively heart-shaped leaves it has small yellow-green flowers which are produced in clusters  in early summer with a leafy yellow-green floral bract they have a rich, heavy scent and are much visited by insects especially bees.
From pollen records it seem as if Small leaved Lime was much commoner in the past than at present in lowland woodland possible the dominant tree as it can reach 30m (100ft), it is now considered a ancient woodland indicator species and is restricted to isolated pockets often on limestone, its demise may be down to the fact it does not produce viable seed in the UK as the summers are not warm enough to ripen the seed.


Where to grow


Tilia cordata will grow best in deep moist fertile soil.  It will however tolerate much worse conditions and will grow in rocky poor infertile soils too, if a little more slowly.  It will not tolerate waterlogging for extended periods.


Didyou know?


The flowers can be collected and dried to produce a tea ‘Linden Tea’ or ‘Tieull’ which is taken to calm nerves.  The wood is extremely soft and is used in fine grain wood carving especially during the medieval of religious figures.

 

Features

Mature height
Very Large - 20 metres+
Spread
15-20 metres
Shape / habit
Broad headed
Growth rate
Medium
Soil type
Clay
Chalk/Limestone
Sun levels
Full sun
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Summer
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Small leaves
Flower colour
Yellow
Flowering month
July
Scent
Scented Flowers
Native / Naturalised
Native
Moisture levels
Drought tolerant
Other
Good for Windy sites
Good at altitude
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
City/Urban Sites
Country/Farmland
Used for Pleaching
Encourages wildlife
Timber producing
Bee Friendly
Pollarding/Coppice

Features

Mature height
Very Large - 20 metres+
Spread
15-20 metres
Shape / habit
Broad headed
Growth rate
Medium
Soil type
Clay
Chalk/Limestone
Sun levels
Full sun
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Summer
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Small leaves
Flower colour
Yellow
Flowering month
July
Scent
Scented Flowers
Native / Naturalised
Native
Moisture levels
Drought tolerant
Other
Good for Windy sites
Good at altitude
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
City/Urban Sites
Country/Farmland
Used for Pleaching
Encourages wildlife
Timber producing
Bee Friendly
Pollarding/Coppice

Aftercare

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.


Comments

By Alison on 02/05/2016

I have just moved to a new-bild house with a moderately sized tree in the back garden, not far from the house.  I think it’s a small leafed lime.  I’m loathe to fell it, but won’t hesitate to do so if it’s too close to the house and has the potential to cause damage. There’s no TPO on it so it’s my decision. So I need to send a photo somewhere to get it’s variety confirmed - do you have any suggestions?  I have photos of it in leaf last year and again now.  Thank you for any advice.

By Simon on 20/05/2016

Hello Alison,

Feel free to send a photo to .(JavaScript must be enabled to view this email address) and we will see if we think it’s Tilia cordata.

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