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|40-60cm / Bare root||£4.62||£2.64||£1.98||£1.65|
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British Grown – The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more
QUERCUS ROBUR – English Oak
The English oak is an iconic tree, with its lobed leaves and acorns easily identified by almost everyone. Its durable, hard timber can and has been used for a multitude of purposes including construction and at one time ship building, as it is slow to rot even in extremely waterlogged conditions.
Often thought to be slow growing, this native oak is really relatively quick on good soils, reaching 20m (60ft) in 50 years. It is a remarkably long-lived tree, too; some of the oldest oak trees growing in this country are pollards, up to 800 years old. Many famous named trees have large boles with circumferences up to 14m (45ft) and stag horned heads.
Native and widespread, Quercus robur will grow at altitudes of nearly 500m (1,600ft). An important tree for wildlife, more than 400 insect species have been recorded as being hosted by English oak. These in turn support a wide range of birds and small mammals.
Where to grow
English oak will grow best on deep, moist, fertile loamy soils, however it copes with almost any conditions. It compensates on poor ground by growing more slowly and in truly awful exposed conditions resembles little more than a large twisted shrub. The high altitude, rocky site of Wistman's Wood on Dartmoor has some famously stunted specimens thought to be up to 500 years old, richly hung with mosses and lichen.
Did you know?
The oak is surprisingly bad at reproducing naturally. Good seed years only occur infrequently and the overwhelming majority of the tens of thousands of acorns dropped are eaten by animals or simply rot. It is left to forgetful squirrels or jays who bury them but never return to consume them, for the lifecycle of this giant of the countryside to continue.
- Very Large - 20 metres+
- 20+ metres
Shape / Habit
- Broad headed
- All soil types
- Full sun
- Partial shade
Difficulty / Hard to Grow
Evergreen / Deciduous
- Late to leaf
- Parkland Tree
- City/Urban Sites
- Encourages wildlife
- Good Firewood
- Timber producing
- Sound Barrier
Native / Naturalised
For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.
The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water. It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree. In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.
One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass. When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree. It is vital that for at least 3 years after planting your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one metre wide completely free of grass.
- Mulch mats are an effective way to stop grass and weeds, although they will require a careful eye to make sure they continue to work. After clearing the ground around the tree, firmly fit the mat by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this. Be careful not to allow the woodchip to touch the stem as it can cause rot.
- Weed killer is very effective, however it is harmful to the environment. Organic weed killers usually do not kill roots. Weed killer needs to be applied each year for the first 3 years, preferably when the tree is dormant, or just once before applying a mulch mat.
- Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem. Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.
If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree. Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm. The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots. Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.
Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.
- 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
- 100/125, 125/150 1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
- 150/175 1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
- 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
- All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.
Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping. These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens. Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.
Protection from Animal Damage
Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees. Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge. Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.
Are the delivery costs the same no matter how many plants I order?
Yes the delivery costs are the same no matter how many plants you have on your order. They are worked out based on your distance from our nursery and can be found here.