Portugal Laurel Prunus Lusitanica

British Grown
Volume 1+
Price per plant £300.00
Price £300.00
Volume 1+
Price per plant £576.00
Price £576.00
Volume 1-9 10-49 50-249 250+
Price per plant £270.00 £234.00 £206.40 £180.00
metres
Price £270.00
Volume 1-9 10-49 50-249 250+
Price per plant £342.00 £296.40 £262.20 £228.00
metres
Price £342.00
Volume 1-9 10-49 50-249 250+
Price per plant £9.84 £8.64 £7.20 £5.76
metres
Price £9.84

All prices include VAT

Product description

PRUNUS LUSITANICA – Portuguese Laurel

Characteristics

Portuguese Laurel is an evergreen shrub or small tree growing to 15 metres (50ft) tall. The bark is blackish-brown, the leaves are, oval, long and broad to a point, glossy dark green above, lighter below. Flower buds appear in late spring and open in June in spikes of white flowers. The fruit is a small cherry, turning black when ripe in early autumn.

Where to grow

It is native to southwestern France, Spain, Portugal and Morocco and is widely planted in the UK as a hedge and for screening in gardens and parks.

It is one of the hardiest of the introduced evergreens and will cope successfully with the coldest of winters.

Did you know?

They superficially resemble those of the Bay laurel (Laurus nobilis, the true laurel, in the Lauraceae family) , which accounts for its often being mistaken for one, the two plants are in fact unrelated, being not only in different genera but also different families (P. lusitanica is in the rose family, Rosaceae).


 

Mature height
Medium - 10-15 metres
Spread
5-10 meters
Shape/habit
Shrub Multi-Stem
Growth rate
Medium
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
All Sun levels
Difficulty/hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen/Deciduous
Evergreen
Season of interest
Winter
Spring
Summer
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Small leaves
Flower colour
Red
Flowering month
June
Scent
Scented Flowers
Berries/fruit colour
Black
Hedging
Evergreen Hedge
Other
Good for Windy sites
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
Garden Tree
Used for Pleaching
Sound Barrier

Aftercare

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.

Comments

By liz jordan on 25/07/2016

Can you please let me know by return what feed I should give to my Portuguese laurel hedgeing which is now one yr old ? I feel a liquid feed would be the easiest to apply to the base as hedgeing has been planted in weed control fabric. Can you let me know if Portuguese laurel is acid-loving?
Thanks, Liz Jordan.

By Simon on 28/07/2016

Hello Liz,

Portuguese laurel thrives in poor, chalky soils (it isn’t acid loving), so you don’t necessarily need to feed it. However, if you are keen on encouraging lots of growth, the best time to feed is in spring. I would normally recommend a slow release fertiliser that will continue to release nutrients for a few months, but as this might be tricky for you, use a high nitrogen liquid feed and follow instructions on the packet.

By Elaine Sephton on 24/08/2016

Hi

I want to grow a screening hedge, how far out from the fence should I plant in order to give room to grow. Also part of the growing area lies underneath a neighbours tree, can be in shade until late afternoon, will this plant still grow happily?

thanks

By Simon on 31/08/2016

Hello Elaine,

Portugal laurel is ideal for creating a dense screen. You should plant 30cm out from the fence. It prefers light shade or sun for the best growth, so as long as it gets a few hours light later in the day then this should be fine. If it’s particularly shady (receiving no or little direct sun) you might want to consider a plant like Aucuba japonica (spotted laurel).

By Andy Rirchie on 30/03/2017

We have in our garden a mature tree that I believe is a Portugues Laurel. It has laurel like leaves and white racemes of flowers in late Spring/ early summer , which turn into black berries.  The tree is about 25ft high, has a even, domed appearance nearly 30ft in diameter, and a trunk that is over 4ft in circumference. We have lived here for 26 years, and the tree was at least 15ft high when we arrived. It is planted right against a 12ft wall.

Unfortunately it is looking very poorly, with no new growth at the branch tips, all of which appear dead. The leaves that are still on the free (and it has lost a lot) are all wilting badly.
I have two questions:- Has the tree reached the end of its life span, and if it hasn’t, is there anything I can do to save it?
Many thanks. Andy

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