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Tulip Tree Liriodendron tulipifera

Description & features

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

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Bare root guide

Size and quantity

Photo
Size / Height
Price
Quantity
 
10L pot size / 1.75-2.75m
£60.00
30L pot size / 2.4-3.5m
£180.00

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product description

LIRIODENDRON TULIPIFERA – Tulip Tree

Characteristics

The Tulip Tree is a very large tree with some specimens reaching over 30m (100ft). It is easily identified from its leaves which have a saddle shape, with a noticeable square end where leaves are normally pointed.  It is a fast growing and vigorous tree.

A member of the Magnolia family the tree only starts to flower when it is about 20 years old. The flowers, which are cup shaped and a greenish yellow, appear sporadically in June or July, except in very hot summers.

Where to grow

Tulip trees are suitable for any good, deep, well drained soils in full sun. They prefer moist soil which does not dry out too readily. Due to their size, they are most suited to parkland settings or very large gardens.

Did you know?

Native Americans of the Appalachian Mountains used this American tree to make dugout canoes, as well as for building houses. Massive logs were hollowed out and could carry up to 20 people. Early settlers to the region called the trees Canoewood for this reason. The tree was introduced to Britain in the 17th century, probably by the botanist and gardener to Charles I, John Tradescant.

 

Features

Mature height
Very Large - 20 metres+
Spread
10-15metres
Shape / habit
Pyramidal
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Medium
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Summer
Autumn colour
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Large Leaves
Flower colour
Yellow
Flowering type
Single
Flowering month
June
July
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
Garden Tree
City/Urban Sites
Country/Farmland
Timber producing

Features

Mature height
Very Large - 20 metres+
Spread
10-15metres
Shape / habit
Pyramidal
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Medium
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Summer
Autumn colour
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Large Leaves
Flower colour
Yellow
Flowering type
Single
Flowering month
June
July
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
Garden Tree
City/Urban Sites
Country/Farmland
Timber producing

Aftercare

Pruning Liriodendron Tulipifera

Liriodendron Tulipifera is a vigorous tree that should naturally have a strong leader, and as a result formative pruning is quite minimal. However, the removal of established branches is not advisable so do prune where necessary when young. To clear the stem, which can be done up to a height of 3m, remove laterals gradually.

What time of year should I prune? Prune from late Autumn through to Spring, as this is when the tree is dormant.

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.


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