Pyramid Hornbeam Carpinus betulus Fastigiata

Description & features

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

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Size and quantity

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Size / Height
Price
Quantity
 
15L pot size / 1.75-2.75m
£54.00
30L pot size / 2.4-3.5m
£144.00
70L pot size / 3.0-4.5m
£257.50

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

This product will also be available from November to March as a bare-root plant.

Sizes and prices will appear on the website later in the year. What does bare-root mean?

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product description

CARPINUS BETULUS FASTIGIATA – Pyramid Hornbeam

Characteristics

This is one of the upright clones of Pyramid Hornbeam which is very regular and upright when young but becomes more rounded with age.  It can reach 15m (50ft) and is always densely branched

Where to grow

Pyramid Hornbeam will grow well in full sun or shade.  It will quite happily cope with damp or moist soils and even a certain amount of temporary waterlogging. It’s neat shape and upright form lend it to be used for formal avenues and topiary.

Did you know?

Widely planted as a street tree and in town parks where it has an attractive shape eventually resembling an ace of spades, the autumn colour is golden and orange.

Features

Mature height
Medium - 10-15 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Fastigiate
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Winter
Summer
Autumn colour
Orange
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Small leaves
Moisture levels
Wet/Water logged sites
Other
Good for Windy sites
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
Garden Tree
City/Urban Sites
Used for Pleaching
Wind break
Sound Barrier

Features

Mature height
Medium - 10-15 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Fastigiate
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Winter
Summer
Autumn colour
Orange
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Dense
Small leaves
Moisture levels
Wet/Water logged sites
Other
Good for Windy sites
Uses
Screening
Parkland Tree
Garden Tree
City/Urban Sites
Used for Pleaching
Wind break
Sound Barrier

Aftercare

Pruning Carpinus Betulus Fastigiata

Tree: Trained as a standard, Carpinus betulus Fastigiata has a compact crown.  This is achieved over the course of a few years by gradually removing low lateral growth. A mature tree can take a hard pruning, but new growth can be twiggy so only do so if necessary.

Stilted hedge: A row of pyramid hornbeams can also be grown as a hedge or stilted hedge by planting the trees 1-1.8m apart and trimming to the desired shape. The foliage will need maintenance trimming twice a year.

When should I prune? As a standard tree, Carpinus betulus Fastigiata can be pruned from late summer through to midwinter. Taking off larger branches while the tree is in active growth will cause bleeding. Hedges should be trimmed in early summer and early autumn, after each flush of growth, to maintain a neat appearance.

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.


Comments

By Sally on 28/04/2014

Please can you advise how much the tree will grow each year approximately?

Thanks

Sally

By Simon on 29/04/2014

Hello Sally,

Obviously it is very depended on positioning, soil quality and how good a summer we have. But you should be looking at somewhere between 2-4ft a year.

Kind regards,

Simon

By Sandra on 24/05/2014

We want to use a row of trees as a screen. How far apart should we plant them ?

By Simon on 28/05/2014

Hello Sandra,

It depends on how long you want to wait for them to grow into one another or if you wand them to grow into one another at all. The closest I would go would be 2.5/3m and up to 5/7 if you wanted them to have good space to grow as specimen trees. .

Kind regards,

Simon

By Elsie on 13/12/2014

Can you let me know of the root spread of a fully mature tree?  I have one growing approx 9 m from house.

By Simon on 08/01/2015

Hello Elsie,

It is very hard for me to give you an answer on that as it can depend of a number of factors. But it is a common thought that the roots of trees tend to grow as big as the head.

I hope this helps.

Simon

By Paula on 29/09/2015

Can these be pruned and kept at a relatively low height (2-2.5)?

By Simon on 01/10/2015

Hello Paula,

Yes, hornbeam is very suited to topiary and regular pruning. Once it has reached the required height, prune in the summer.

By Harold on 23/04/2016

do these trees have a taproot or do the roots go out similar to the silver maple & cottonwood. what is it’s ability to with stand some dry weather conditions?

By Simon on 25/05/2016

Hello Harold,

The spread of tree roots is very dependent on the soil, but in general they don’t so much have tap roots as lots of shallow spreading roots in the top 2ft/60cm of the ground. Hornbeam will withstand some dry weather, though during establishment you should water a couple of times a week in spring and summer.

By Rachel on 25/05/2016

Can you tell me if the leaves stay on fastigiate hornbeam in the winter like beech? If not when are the leaves bare and for which/how many months?

By Simon on 27/05/2016

Hello Rachel,

Yes, juvenile foliage stays on hornbeam in the winter, like beech. It turns a more chocolatey brown than the coppery colour you see on beech, though. Trimmed hedges keep the leaves more than mature trees.

By John shepherd on 09/07/2016

The leaves on my trees are turning brown and falling off.any suggestions

By Simon on 13/07/2016

Hello John,

When did you plant your tree? If it was recently, the brown leaves could be due to lack of water. Water a couple of times a week in spring and summer, making sure it’s enough to penetrate down to the roots. The base of the tree should also be kept from of grass an weeds during establishment, for about a metre diameter. If these measures don’t remedy the situation, feel free to email us a photo.

By John Holt on 23/07/2016

Hello - We purchased two Hornbeam Carpinus betulus Fastigiata in 2011. They are now tall and bulking out in the middle and i am looking to trim back and shape. When can i do this and what can i do to keep their shape ?

Thank you

By Simon on 28/07/2016

Hello John,

As a standard tree, Carpinus betulus Fastigiata can be pruned from late summer through to midwinter. Taking off larger branches while the tree is in active growth will cause bleeding. Hedges should be trimmed in early summer and early autumn, after each flush of growth, to maintain a neat appearance.

By Hello John on 18/08/2016

Hi John,

I am planning on planting a number of these trees to provide screening from a neighboring development. Please could you tell me how close I could safely plant this tree from my house.
Thank you
Jiotty

By Simon on 19/08/2016

Hello Jiotty,

As a rule of thumb, plant trees at a distance of half their ultimate height from your house. So, if you plan to let these trees reach their full height of 15m, you should plant 7.5m away from your house. Bear in mind this is only a rule of thumb. Subsidence generally occurs on shrinkable clay soils, with water demanding species being the main culprit, however there are numerous factors involved in the interaction between trees and buildings (climate, construction type etc) making it difficult to provide a definitive ‘safe distance’ at which to plant.

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