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Horse Chestnut Aesculus hippocastanum

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Size / Height

British Grown – The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product Description



The Horse Chestnut is one of the most recognisable trees that grow in the UK.  It can often grow to 30m (100ft) with a rounded wide spreading head and trunks up to 5m (15ft) or more across.

The characteristic very large leaves with five to seven fingers and the sticky winter buds are all well known as are masses of white candle like flowers that are present in early May.  The fruit held in spiny cases are lustrous brown nuts up to 4cm (1½ inch) across and are a fascination to children of all ages.  It is naturalised in the UK and must be present in almost every park in the country.

Where to grow

An easy tree to grow, it will cope with most conditions except very wet or waterlogged soils.  Happy in the country or city, it often self-seeds even in the most unlikely places.

Did you know?

Introduced via Constantinople it reached Vienna in 1576 and most of the rest of Europe by the early 17th Century.  Its native origin was unknown and thought to be India, though it is now known to be the mountainous wilds of Northern Greece and Albania.



Mature Height

Very Large - 20 metres+


15-20 metres

Shape / Habit

Round Headed

Growth Rate


Soil Type

All soil types

Sun Levels

Full sun

Difficulty / Hard to Grow


Evergreen / Deciduous


Autumn Colour


Leaf Colour



Early to Leaf
Large Leaves

Flower Colour


Flowering Month



Parkland Tree
City/Urban Sites

Native / Naturalised





Pruning Aesculus Hippocastanum

Train Aesculus hippocastanum to have a clear trunk of over 2m, this will accommodate the low sweeping branches. Vigorous upward branches should also be removed to keep a balanced and well-spaced canopy.

What time of year should I prune? Prune when not in leaf (late Autumn to early Spring)


For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.


The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water. It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree. In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass. When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree. It is vital that for at least 3 years after planting your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one metre wide completely free of grass.

  1. Mulch mats are an effective way to stop grass and weeds, although they will require a careful eye to make sure they continue to work. After clearing the ground around the tree, firmly fit the mat by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this. Be careful not to allow the woodchip to touch the stem as it can cause rot.
  2. Weed killer is very effective, however it is harmful to the environment. Organic weed killers usually do not kill roots. Weed killer needs to be applied each year for the first 3 years, preferably when the tree is dormant, or just once before applying a mulch mat.
  3. Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem. Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.


If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree. Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm. The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots. Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150 1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175 1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.


Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping. These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens. Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees. Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge. Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.

Are the delivery costs the same no matter how many plants I order?

Yes the delivery costs stay the same no matter how many plants you have on your order. They are worked out based on your distance from our nursery and can be found here.

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