Plum Czar Plum

British Grown
Volume 1+
Price per plant £18.00
Price £21.60
British Grown
Volume 1+
Price per plant £27.00
Price £32.40

All prices include VAT

Product description

CZAR

Characteristics

Czar is a dual purpose freestone plum that needs to be fully ripe to be eaten fresh.  It has large blue black fruit, with yellowish green flesh and a good acidic flavour. It has large blossom which is unusual for a plum. 
A very reliable plum which is self-fertile and has good disease resistance is hardy enough to be grown in the all over England.  The fruit is ready to pick in early August.

It was introduced by Rivers of Sawbridgworth around 1874 who named it Czar in honour of the Czar of Russia, who visited England that year.

Pruning of Plums and Cherries
Due to the risk of silver leaf in plums gages damsons and cherries always prune in early spring to mid-summer.  Never in the winter like apples and pears

Did you know?

A prune is any of variety plum sold as a dried fruit. The dried fruit is also referred to as dried plum.  Generally prunes are freestone cultivars (the pit is easy to remove), whereas most plums grown to eat fresh are clingstone (the pit is more difficult to remove)

California produces the highest amount of dried fruits in the world.  When a labour shortage hit California in 1905, a farmer turned to 500 monkeys to harvest the prune plums. Organised into gangs of 50 with a human foreman, the monkeys picked the prune plums well but ate them all up! Today, machines do the work, without eating the fruit.


 

Mature height
Very Small up to 5 metres
Spread
0-5 meters
Shape/habit
Open
Spreading
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Difficulty/hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen/Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Autumn colour
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Early to Leaf
Small leaves
Flower colour
White
Flowering type
Single
Flowering month
March
April
Fruiting period
July
August
Fruit attributes
Sweet
Dual purpose
Fruit pollination type (SF)
Self Fertile
Fruit colour
Purple
Fruit size
Medium
Uses
Garden Tree
Small garden Tree
City/Urban Sites
Edible Fruit/Nuts

Aftercare

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.

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