Pyramid Birch Betula pendula Fastigiata

Description & features

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

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Bare root guide

Size and quantity

Photo
Size / Height
Price
Quantity
 
15L pot size / 1.75-2.75m
£54.00
30L pot size / 3.0-3.5m
£168.00
80L pot size / 3.5-4m
£288.00

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product description

BETULA PENDULA FASTIGIATA - Pyramid Birch

Characteristics

This is a smaller and more compact form of silver birch.  It gets to about 10m (30ft) tall and its narrow pointed shape is more redolent of a Lombardy poplar.  In all other respects it resembles the native tree Betula Pendula. It has catkins that stay on the tree until winter.

Where to Grow

It is ideal in situations where there is little space such as small gardens or car parks.  It will thrive in most soils and is fully hardy.

Did you know?

Fastigiate derives from the Latin word Fastigium meaning sloping or rising to an apex.
 

 

Features

Mature height
Small - 5-10 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Fastigiate
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Winter
Summer
Autumn colour
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Fine/Light leaf
Small leaves
Stem/bark
White
Peeling bark?
Yes
Uses
Garden Tree
Small garden Tree
City/Urban Sites

Features

Mature height
Small - 5-10 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Fastigiate
Growth rate
Fast
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Winter
Summer
Autumn colour
Yellow
Leaf
Green
Foliage
Fine/Light leaf
Small leaves
Stem/bark
White
Peeling bark?
Yes
Uses
Garden Tree
Small garden Tree
City/Urban Sites

Aftercare

Pruning Betula pendula Fastigiata

Betula pendula Fastigiata has a narrow, upright shape with naturally ascending branches, so pruning should not be a demanding task. To reveal the attractive bark, remove low stems from the trunk when they are young. This will keep branch scars small. Alternatively, leave the tree feathered.

When should I prune? Light prune during the autumn, through to mid-winter. 

 

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.


Comments

By Naz on 16/03/2019

I have a compact space of 5X3 metres where I’d like to have 3 small upright trees.
Would this be bendula pendula fastigiate variety work?
I’ve previously used Betula carpinus in a small space and the young trees were perfect in form and size but after 8 years or so became too big and rounded for the space.
Would this variety stay more upright?
Thanks

By Simon on 27/03/2019

Hello Naz,

Yes this should stay more upright than the Capinus Fastigiata. But i am not sure that you would fit 3 into a 3 metres gap. Over time they will get wider, i would maybe only plant one every 3 metres.

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