Black Chokeberry ARONIA MELANOCARPA

Description & features

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

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Size and quantity

Photo
Size / Height
Price
Quantity
 
80L pot size / 125-150cm
£180.00

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

All prices include VAT

British Grown - The British Grown logo denotes plants and trees that have been both propagated and grown in the UK. Read more

Product description

ARONIA MELANOCARPA – Black Chokeberry

Characteristics

Black Chokeberry is small, clump-forming shrub with black fruits and splendid red autumnal colour. A profusion of white or pinkish flowers akin to those of hawthorn appear in late spring, followed by drooping clusters of black fruits in early autumn. The berries are loved by birds. They can be used in jelly and jam, as other fruits like blackberries, but eaten uncooked they are fairly sharp.

Chokeberry will grow to about 1.5m (5ft) tall and wide with a flat top.

Where to grow

Aronia melanocarpa will grow well in moist fertile soils. A native of wet woods and swamps in eastern North America, it grows best in damp conditions, however it tolerates dry soils and is generally fairly easy to grow.

Did you know?

Juice from this shrub's berries is astringent and not sweet, but high in vitamin C and antioxidants. They therefore make nutritious jam, syrup, juice, soft spreads, and tea. They can even be used in fruit wines. In The U.S. aronia berries are used in commercial juice blends for colour and dried aronia powder is available as a health food.
 

Features

Mature height
Very Small up to 5 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Shrub Multi-Stem
Growth rate
Medium
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Spring
Autumn colour
Red
Leaf
Green
Flower colour
White
Flowering type
Single
Flowering month
May
Berries / fruit colour
Black
Moisture levels
Wet/Water logged sites
Uses
Bird Food
Edible Fruit/Nuts
Suitable for Containers
Suitable for Patio

Features

Mature height
Very Small up to 5 metres
Spread
0-5 metres
Shape / habit
Shrub Multi-Stem
Growth rate
Medium
Soil type
All soil types
Sun levels
Full sun
Partial shade
Difficulty / hard to grow
Easy
Evergreen / Deciduous
Deciduous
Season of interest
Autumn
Spring
Autumn colour
Red
Leaf
Green
Flower colour
White
Flowering type
Single
Flowering month
May
Berries / fruit colour
Black
Moisture levels
Wet/Water logged sites
Uses
Bird Food
Edible Fruit/Nuts
Suitable for Containers
Suitable for Patio

Aftercare

For the continued healthy growth of your trees, shrubs or hedging it is vital that you follow the advice below.

Watering

The main reason that plants die within 12 months of having been planted is lack of water.  It is essential throughout the spring and summer, to give a heavy enough watering to enable the water to penetrate right down to the deepest root level of the tree.  In hot dry spells give the equivalent of 2 bucketfuls every three days.

Weed Control

One of the most common causes of lack of water is competition from grass.  When trees are first establishing, the grass roots would be at the same level as the tree roots and are far more efficient at taking up water and thus choke the tree.  It is vital for 3 years after planting that your tree or hedge has a circle or strip one  metre wide completely free of grass.  The way to eliminate grass in order of effectiveness is:

  1. Spray off the grass with a glyphosate based weed killer such as Roundup.  Apply each year for the first 3 years.  It is best applied when the tree is dormant as it is absorbed through green leaves and kills the plant off at the roots.
  2. Firmly fit a mulch mat around the base of the tree by tucking the edges into the soil and put a thick layer of bark mulch on top of this.  This can be done after the initial spraying with glyphosate and should avoid the need for further spraying.

Mowing or strimming is NOT an answer to the problem.  Each time you mow, the grass will grow back more vigorously and strimming invariably leads to lacerated trunks.

Staking

If trees are not correctly secured they will rock in the planting pit. Roots not firmly in contact with the soil are unable to take up moisture and nutrients, resulting in die back or death of the tree.  Check, particularly after windy weather, that stakes are still solidly in the ground keeping the base of the trunk firm.  The purpose of the stakes is to anchor the roots.   Flexing in the wind, higher up the trunk, is not necessarily a problem if the roots are firm.

Bellow is list of the correct system to use to secure your trees.

  • 40/60, 60/80, 80/100 whips - Unless rabbit/deer problem no need to stake.
  • 100/125, 125/150  1.2m Cane and Easi tie.
  • 150/175  1.2m square stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • 175/250, 6/8, 8/10 15L 1.65 Tree stake and a buckle tie and spacer.
  • All larger trees. 2 x 1.65 Tree stake and cross rail with 38mm cushion spacer and 1m of 38mm strapping.

Ties

Always use our recommended tree ties or strapping.  These are designed and manufactured with the correct amount of give to hold the tree firm without strangling it. They should be checked at the end of each growing season for adjustment as the trunk thickens.  Non proprietary materials such as baler twine will cut into the bark and should not be used.

Protection from Animal Damage

Rabbits, deer, sheep, cattle and horses can all potentially damage trees.  Ask us for advice on the most appropriate guards for your trees or hedge.  Squirrels are also a terrible pest when trees get to about 20ft tall but there is no protection available.


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